Baluster: Open well stairs should have it to avoid accidents.
Landing: Width of the landing should not be less than width of the stair flight at any case.
Winders: Should be avoided as far as possible, if not, should be kept at lower end of flight. These are not suitable for public buildings.
Step Proportions: The rise/going of each step in one flight and in flights and landing between floors should be equal. Any variations may spoil rhythm. The rise/going are proportioned so as to ensure comfortable access.
We had a lovely client the other day who had a tight budget for a residential ceiling. The client wanted the final finish to be functional, rather than aesthetical, affordable and moderately durable. We were up for the task and went around looking for local suppliers. Here’s what we found:
1. Plywood ceiling
The ceiling work well if you don’t mind the visible joints. Choose a minimum sheet thickness of 6mm. Any lower and warping will be your constant roommate.
The final plywood can be stained and painted or embossed in future. Be sure to get in touch with us! Don’t install this alone.
My grandma warned me about these ceilings. She said they catch fire easily and can raze an entire community. The good news is that they can be treated for fire resistance. It’s also a good idea to ensure that the roof pitch is elevated and water proofing material is used. They can last up to 25years if installed correctly.
3. PVC Ceiling
Source these from reputable importers (like us). There are many fakes in the market. The difference between a fake and a real PVC Ceiling is the amount of PVC Content in a tile. Some brands sell tiles with PVC Content of below 40% and do not brand their products to avoid detection.
The advantage of of these tiles is that they are Fireproof, Heat Insulation, Moisture-Proof, Mould-Proof, Sound-Absorbing, Waterproof and can be affordable.
4. Chipboard/MDF and related boards
Go for a minimum of 9mm and you will enjoy added sound proofing. If you have installed coated mabati roofing, you’ll really need this chipboard especially when it’s raining and you can’t hear your own voice ( due to the rain pounding on the roof).
5. Reclaimed wood
Source easily from the roadside vendors, your neighbor with a demolition, shipping pallet planks etc. We have successfully completed a ceiling in pallet wood planks. We stained each plank to the client’s specification. This is by far the most labor intensive option.
The key to cost efficiency is ultimately in planning. Ensure all materials are on site, plan work schedules, manage your team and expect the unexpected.
For the best inexpensive flooring option, it’s hard to beat the affordability and many looks of laminate. Wood-look laminate flooring gives any surface a premium look.
Laminate flooring’s top surface is made of plastic laminate, not hardwood; that makes the product resistant to stains, scratches, fading and wear. You’ll find low-end laminate flooring for less than 1,400/m²
2. Affordable carpet rolls
Roll out some red carpet for your space at eye-wateringly low prices. Starting from 899/meter supply only.
3. Pallet boards
This one will require expert installers and a team with absolute patience and dedication. Costs about 2500/me supply and fit.
4. PVC rolls
The absolute go-to Flooring for an instant floor makeover. Resilient vinyl sheeting costs on average 850/meter.
5. PVC tiles
Interlocking (click and go) tiles and glued on variety are available on the market. For renters wishing to remodel the click and go variety is a quality choice.Prices start at 2,500/m²
interior brick floors generally consist of brick pavers or tiles: flat, 1-¼”- to 1-¾”-thick clay or salvaged brick directly to the existing floor. Prices start at 2,500/m²
6. Ceramic tiles
Arguably the most common flooring choice due in part to costs, designs, durability and availability. Prices depend on the country of origin, design and size
Click & Go WPC tiles, like sliced bread, deliver convenient contemporary flooring for the home owner and the renter alike.
What is WPC?
Wood-plastic composites (WPCs) are composite materials made of wood fiber/wood flour and thermoplastic(s) (includes PE, PP, PVC etc.). [Wikipedia]
Why choose WPC?
1.Natural wood texture & feel
2.Waterproof, corrosion resistant, pest resistant
3.Easy to assemble and install and even remove ( rental houses)
4.No painting, no staining, no polishing.
5.UV-resistant, fade resistant, durable
7.Walk barefoot, anti-slip, no cracking
Various Colors available to match your taste.
The WPC floors can be easily installed in your office or home without damaging the existing floor surface. When your lease expires or you choose to go to a new location, you can easily remove the WPC planks.
The following images are some of our best interior design inspirations. Notice the prevalent use of bamboo flooring and the effect the bamboo has on the spaces. Bamboo finishes create a general warm feel to the interior and can be applied variably from the floors to the ceilings, to staircases and table tops if desired.